FISIPOL UGM has internationally qualified and diverse researches. Moreover, six departments in FISIPOL UGM also take part to generate the plentiful research areas as described below.
Indonesia faces both challenges and opportunities in the post of 2014. These challenges and opportunities emerge from four issues which are ‘Liberalism/Liberalization’, ‘Intolerance’, ‘Public Distrust’, and ‘ASEAN Economic Community’. Therefore, as a national centre of political and social research, FISIPOL UGM determines these four issues to become its research areas in order to actively engage and deeply contribute in the discourses on public interest and public benevolence. These four issues are elaborated below:
A wave of market liberalism/liberalization is a massive fact which becomes more inevitable. The global responses are quite differs. On the one hand, there was a resistance to liberalism/liberalization by doing protest of ‘Anti-WTO’ at Seattle in 1999. On the other hand, liberalism/liberalization is still ongoing at regional level through the creation of ASEAN Economic Community. Instead of refused and rejected liberalism/liberalization, one thing is needed namely accurate strategies to drive liberalism/liberalization as an instrument to develop and create welfare society.
Diversity has become fate and destiny of Indonesia. Since the beginning, it consist of various ethnics, races, languages, religions, and so on. However, the condition of social and political development in the post of Soeharto Regime (it includes decentralization and local autonomy) has emerged communal tendencies which is not linier with the diversity that Indonesia already had. It is signed by primordial, exclusive, and intolerance attitudes to ‘other’ groups. To deal with this kind of condition, it is needed to formulate strategies in order to stem the rising trend of primordial and intolerance. Moreover, these strategies are also used to manage the diversity as creative and productive sources to develop Indonesia.
Since 1998, democratization process and political transformation have been conducted. It results some procedures, regulations, and institutionalization of democratic values both in local and national levels. However, democratization process and political transformation are conducted within societies who have low public distrust. As its impact, the process, procedure, and regulations are having high cost to be done. For instance, direct election is classified as high cost politics in Indonesia. For, each political party has to have witness in order to supervise voting and counting processes. Furthermore, ‘money politics’ become common feature of Indonesian direct election. Hence, it is needed to create strategies in order to cut off problematic circle as the impacts of low public distrust. Indeed, the research should find a formula to develop and create high public distrust to become fundamental foundation of democratization in Indonesia.
ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)
ASEAN Economic Community shall be the regional economic integration by 2015 (ASEAN, 2008). It is going to establish ASEAN to become a single market and production base (ASEAN, 2008). Furthermore, it is consisted of five main components; free flow of goods, services, investment, flow of capital, and flow of skilled labor (ASEAN, 2008). Therefore, it is obviously needed critical scientific research and accurate strategies in order to deal with challenges and opportunities of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). Hence, ASEAN Economic Community can be driven as an instrument to give the development of Indonesia and wider communities in Southeast Asia.